In the report from the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), scientists warned of an increasing number of extreme heatwaves, droughts and flooding, and a key temperature limit being broken in just over a decade.
According to Statista, who compiled data on the top polluting countries per capita in 2017 in terms of CO2, Qatar is the most polluting country at 37.05 tonnes.
But out of the G7 nations, who agreed to tackle climate change at a summit this year, Canada pollutes the most with 16.85 tonnes of CO2 emissions per capita.
The US follows closely behind at around 15.74 tonnes, followed by Germany at 9.7.
The UK has the second-lowest CO2 emissions per capita in the G7, at over 5 tonnes.
Out of the G20 nations, Saudi Arabia had the highest emissions per capita at 19.39 tonnes.
The Canadian Prime Minister has previously vowed to tackle climate change and has set a target to lower Canada’s emissions to 30 percent below 2005 levels by 2030.
However, a report by the C.D. Howe Institute said 70 percent to 75 percent of passenger automobile sales in Canada will have to be zero-emission vehicles by 2030.
The study, “Driving Ambitions: The Implications of Decarbonizing the Transportation Sector by 2030” by four researchers notes, “this paper does not make any inference towards the new target as no material such as emissions modelling or reports have been published by the federal government as yet.
“The federal government could facilitate understanding by the Canadian public and members of industry by publishing the more detailed projections (i.e., by sub-sector and province) that we assume underlie its sector-level projections.”
It comes as another community in western Canada has been destroyed by wildfires.
Officials say the village of Monte Lake likely suffered extensive damage, but conditions remain too dangerous for a full assessment.
The village, a popular summer holiday destination, has a seasonal population of nearly 3,000.
Ken Gillis, chairman of the Thompson-Nicola Regional District, told the Canadian Press on Friday: “I understand from the BC wildfire that this fire moved 18km in a matter of eight hours.
“I’ve talked to a number of firefighters who said this year’s fires are behaving in a manner that they have never seen before.
“They’re just exceedingly aggressive and it’s almost impossible to get ahead of them.”
Boris Johnson responded to the IPCC report, saying It makes for “sobering reading”.
Ahead of the Cop26 summit in Glasgow, the Prime Minister said: “Today’s report makes for sobering reading, and it is clear that the next decade is going to be pivotal to securing the future of our planet.
“We know what must be done to limit global warming – consign coal to history and shift to clean energy sources, protect nature and provide climate finance for countries on the frontline.”
However, Mr Johnson also noted, “the UK is leading the way, decarbonising our economy faster than any country in the G20 over the last two decades”.
In 2019, Britain was named the G7’s biggest net importer of CO2 emissions by the Office of National Statistics (ONS).
The ONS warned Britain had increased its net imports of CO2 emissions per capita from 1.7 tonnes in 1992 to 5.1 tonnes in 2007, offsetting domestic progress on shifting the UK economy away from fossil fuels.
Amina Syed, senior economist at the ONS, said: “While directly produced UK emissions have been falling for many years, once you take account of the UK importing products from abroad, the picture doesn’t look quite so positive.
“However, UK based firms, particularly those in the transport and energy sectors, have made big strides in recent years in reducing their carbon footprints.”